In the year 2019, United States telecom companies started a fifth-generation wireless network. This wireless network promises consumers faster and more reliable network service on their smartphones and computers. Analysts expect the 5G buildout to be a little complicated since nearly a million new “small cell” antenna installations are expected over the coming decade.
Let’s learn more about the features and scope of the new 5G wireless network.
What Does 5G Actually Offer?
5G offers very high-speed broadband access with almost instant responsiveness, even in areas with large, tightly packed crowds. 5G networks also enable users to immediately connect to infrastructure sensors and wearable devices as well.
In fact, it greatly reduces lag time and will play a critical role in vehicle safety systems.
Why 5G Is Causing Battles for The Wireless Spectrum
Faster and newer cellular technology requires whole new ways to use the airwaves. This is because at the high-energy point of the microwave spectrum, “millimeter” wave frequencies can carry a large amount of data but they are easily blocked. On the other hand, lower-band frequencies carry less data but over longer distances. The desirable “mid-band” has mostly already been allocated for government use.
Is 5G Available?
Currently, the U.S. is behind South Korea in terms of 5G buildout, but that doesn’t mean 5G is widely available in the country. The United States has four telecom companies that have begun 5G installations. The problem, however, is that there are just a handful of phones that can take on 5G. Even if you do happen to have a 5G-enabled smartphone, fast high-band service is limited to a few parts in major cities.
5G Around the World
By 2025, research suggests that the 5G network is expected to grow to about 15 percent of all cell services. Today globally, there are 51 telecom companies that have launched 5G networks that could reach 6 percent of the world’s population.